Category Archives: Bibliography

Video links and posts exploring body issues.

Just a series of  online links to articles about body confidence, photoshop, body-shaming and so forth.  Will be added to as I go along.

In this video Kelsey Higley shows what we would look like if we could manipulate our bodies like clay

http://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/7087516

This video shows an example of photoshop editing for a fashion shoot

http://www.buzzfeed.com/candacelowry/this-video-shows-how-much-retouching-can-go-into-a-fashion-c#.pv5z07Pyml

Article about stretch marks which blight many women lives.

http://pulptastic.com/women-instagram-celebrate-stretch-marks-loveyourlines-hashtag/

http://pulptastic.com/photographer-shows-mothers-body-really-looks-like/

Body Image articles.

http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/oct/14/women-body-image-anxiety-improve-body-confidence

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Book Reviews

Literature Reviews

Leibovitz, A. and Sontag, S. (1999). Women. New York: Random House.

From pages 19 to 36 Susan Sontag writes about the images produced by Leibovitz for this book entitled ‘Women’.

In this passage Susan Sontag discusses the implications of making judgements on a photograph purely on the basis that an American woman is the person in the image.  Sontag discusses stereotyping, both historically and in the modern day, and the inequality of how male and female images are assessed.

These judgments are exactly the same as the general public make on a daily basis with every image that they see in the media.  Without even being aware of humans make decisions based on what a person is wearing, their pose and their bodily appearance and then use these judgements to decide what we feel their morals and lifestyle are.

One quote from the book that stands out to me is this one by Susan Sontag:

‘Nobody looks through a book of pictures of women without noticing whether the women are attractive or not.’ Women, (1999, 22)

Specialist Production Bibliography

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/27/photoshop-survey-women_n_4350263.html

http://stylecaster.com/celebrities-who-hate-photoshop/

http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/showbiz/4947346/Beyonce-fury-as-H-and-M-trims-her-curves-on-pics-of-her-modelling-their-bikinis.html

http://fashionista.com/2013/05/gisele-goes-makeup-free-for-new-blk-dnm-campaign-tells-us-why-shes-over-retouching

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/16/lady-gaga-versace-ad-photoshop_n_5158826.html

http://thewomanformerlyknownasbeautiful.com/2014/03/body-image-issues-6.html

http://thewomanformerlyknownasbeautiful.com/2014/03/body-image-issues-6.html

http://www.theworthiness-project.com/about-2/

http://thewomanformerlyknownasbeautiful.com/2014/05/taryn-brumfitt.html

http://www.crushable.com/2014/04/02/entertainment/celebrities-against-photoshop-retouching/

http://www.elle.com/culture/celebrities/news/a19185/lorde-calls-out-another-photoshop-snafu/

http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2014/04/01/lorde-photoshop_n_5068521.html

http://www.dundee.ac.uk/museum/exhibitions/djc/lifestudy/graves/

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/10/13/classical-nude_n_5968008.html

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/nuan/hd_nuan.htm

http://mcpactions.com/2014/03/19/10-steps-photographing-posing-curvy-women/

http://digital-photography-school.com/6-tips-for-photographing-large-people/

http://www.photoanswers.co.uk/Community-Landing/Forum-Landing/Forum-Categories/Topic/?topic-id=21795

http://www.iheartfaces.com/2012/03/photography-posing-mistakes-tutorial/

http://www.digitalcameraworld.com/2012/07/03/17-posing-tips-and-in-camera-slimming-tricks-for-shooting-curvy-models/

http://www.digitalcameraworld.com/2012/07/03/17-posing-tips-and-in-camera-slimming-tricks-for-shooting-curvy-models/2/

http://www.digitalcameraworld.com/2012/07/03/17-posing-tips-and-in-camera-slimming-tricks-for-shooting-curvy-models/3/

http://www.digitalcameraworld.com/2012/07/03/17-posing-tips-and-in-camera-slimming-tricks-for-shooting-curvy-models/4/

http://www.modelmayhem.com/portfolio/1724292/viewall

http://rebelandromance.com/plus-size-boudoir-photography-at-rebel-romance-boudoir-photography/

http://photo.stackexchange.com/questions/6471/what-are-the-best-techniques-for-photographing-overweight-people

http://www.slrlounge.com/how-to-pose-so-you-dont-look-fat-in-photos/

http://www.joeyl.com/2012/09/photographing-women-aitana-from-ford-models/

https://scarlettdamenphotography.wordpress.com/tag/how-to-pose-larger-women/

http://www.fyeoboudoirphotography.com/what-should-i-bring.php

https://scarlettdamenphotography.wordpress.com/boudoir-gallery/#jp-carousel-525

https://scarlettdamenphotography.wordpress.com/2011/11/11/boudoir-video-tutorials-the-art-of-posing-plus-size-women/

http://www.historicphotographs.com.au/searcher.asp?force=1&count=265&statslogged=1&region=0&country=4&terms=&place=&startYear=0&endYear=0&subset=&property=64&sort=2&start=250&preview=0&changeresultsperpage=0&rnd=0

Always.com, (2014). Always #LikeAGirl.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjJQBjWYDTs [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Always.com, (2014). Always #LikeAGirl – Meet the Director, Lauren Greenfield.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kCKPz3xn3sY [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Bates, L. (2014). Why is women’s body image anxiety at such devastating levels?. [online] the Guardian. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/oct/14/women-body-image-anxiety-improve-body-confidence [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

BEAUTY REDEFINED, (2014). Photoshopping: Altering Images and Our Minds. [online] Available at: http://www.beautyredefined.net/photoshopping-altering-images-and-our-minds/[Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

BuzzFeed, (2014). Photoshopping Real Women Into Cover Models.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zRlpIkH3b5I [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Clay, D., Vignoles, V. and Dittmar, H. (2005). Body Image and Self-Esteem Among Adolescent Girls: Testing the Influence of Sociocultural Factors. 1st ed. London: University of Sussex.

CNN, (2014). Piers Morgan Live interview with Paulina Porizkova.

Available at: http://www.piersmorgan.blogs.cnn.com/2014/02/18/model-paulina-porizkova-blames-photoshop-for-image-issues-my-grandmother-could-be-a-supermodel-now-even-though-shes-dead/ [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

diet.com, (2008). The Photoshop Effect.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YP31r70_QNM [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Dike, J. (2014). Aerie’s. [online] Uloop. Available at: http://www.umd.uloop.com/news/view/php/113970/aeries-no-photoshop-ads-still-dont-cut-it [Accessed 11 Sep. 2014].

Diller, Ph.D., V. (2011). Is Photoshop Destroying America’s Body Image?. [online] The Huffington Post. Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/vivian-diller-phd/photoshop-body-image_b_891095.html [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Diller, V. (2010). The Psychological Factors Surrounding Cosmetic Surgery. [online] The Huffington Post. Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/vivian-diller-phd/are-you-psychologically-p_b_683525.html [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Dosomething.org, (n.d.). 11 Facts About Teens and Self Esteem | DoSomething.org | America’s largest organization for youth volunteering opportunities, with 2,700,000 members and counting. [online] Available at: https://www.dosomething.org/facts/11-facts-about-teens-and-self-esteem [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Dumas, D. (2012). Don’t use Photoshop to make models slimmer – but feel free to retouch my Facebook profile: Real women reveal double standard when it comes to the airbrush. [online] Mail Online. Available at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2098861/Dont-use-Photoshop-make-models-slimmer–feel-free-retouch-Facebook-profile-Real-women-reveal-double-standard-comes-airbrush.html [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

Edwards, J. (2011). US Moves Toward Banning Photoshop In Cosmetics Ads. [online] Business Insider. Available at: http://www.businessinsider.com/us-moves-toward-banning-use-of-photoshop-in-cosmetics-ads-2011-12 [Accessed 8 Jul. 2014].

Edwards, J. (2009). French Pols Want “Fashion Police” to Ban Retouched Models in Ads. [online] Cbsnews.com. Available at: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/french-pols-want-fashion-police-to-ban-retouched-models-in-ads [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Ehlt.flinders.edu.au, (2006). Impact of Body Image. [online] Available at: http://ehlt.flinders.edu.au/education/DLiT/2006/bodyimage/Impact%20of%20Body%20Image.htm [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

GirlTalkHQ, (2014). New Proposed Law Would Regulate Excessive Photoshop In Advertising. [online] Available at: http://www.girltalkhq.com/new-proposed-law-would-regulate-excessive-photoshop-in-advertising [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

GirlTalkHQ, (2013). Student Project Shows How Photoshop Damages Beauty Perception. [online] Available at: http://www.girltalkhq.com/student-project-shows-how-photoshop-damages-beauty-perception/ [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

GirlTalkHQ, (2013). UK Retailer Debenhams Bans Photoshop From All Its Campaigns. [online] Available at: http://www.girltalkhq.com/uk-retailer-debenhams-bans-photoshop-from-all-its-campaigns/ [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Glamour, (2014). Zosia Mamet Opens Up About Her Personal Eating Disorder Struggles in Glamour’s September Issue. [online] Glamour. Available at: http://www.glamour.com/health-fitness/2014/08/zosia-mamet-opens-up-about-her-eating-disorder [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Globaldemocracy.com, (2011). Disclaimer for airbrushed models. [online] Available at: http://www.globaldemocracy.com/idea/show/9/disclaimer-for-airbrushed-models [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

GovTrack.us, (2014). Text of H.R. 4341: Truth in Advertising Act of 2014 (Introduced version) – GovTrack.us. [online] Available at: http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr4341/text[Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Hicks, S. (2011). Photoshop in the Media. [online] sabrinahicks.wordpress.com. Available at: http://www.sabrinahicks.wordpress.com [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

Holland, P. (2004). Picturing childhood. London: I.B. Tauris.

Legleitner, E. (2014). The Michigan Times :: The No Photoshop Movement. [online] Themichigantimes.com. Available at: http://www.themichigantimes.com/article/2014/02/body-issues-problem-facing-young-adults [Accessed 8 Jul. 2014].

Leibovitz, A. and Sontag, S. (1999). Women. New York: Random House.

Ludwig, M. (2008). Photoshopped and Chopped Model Beast to Beauty.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hlEM9LEZQ9Q [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Manasia, T. (n.d.). Psychology Department. [online] Healthpsych.psy.vanderbilt.edu. Available at: http://healthpsych.psy.vanderbilt.edu/media_and_body_image.htm [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Mashable, (2014). Aerie Lingerie Ads Ditch Photoshop for the ‘Real You’. [online] Available at: http://www.mashable.com/2014/01/21/aerie-lingerie-ads/ [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

Nedc.com.au, (2014). Eating Disorders Explained – Body Image. [online] Available at: http://www.nedc.com.au/body-image [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Ogilvy and Dove, (2006). dove evolution. [image] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iYhCn0jf46U [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Phelan, H. (2011). The US takes steps towards restricting the misleading use of photoshop in cosmetic ads. [online] Fashionista.com. Available at: http://www.fashionista.com/2011/12/the-u-s-takes-steps-towards-restricting-the-misleading-use-of-photoshop-in-cosmetic-ads [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

Piper, T. (2013). A video by Tim Piper (pirovision.com) with Emma Hack and Mike Annese starring Sally Gifford for the purpose of public education and supporting the idea on globaldemocracy.com that images with distorted bodies should have disclaimers..

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xKQdwjGiF-s [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

ScienceDaily, (2006). Negative Body Image Related To Depression, Anxiety And Suicidality. [online] Available at: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/06/060606224541.htm[Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Ted Talks, (2013). Cameron Russell: Looks aren’t everything. Believe me, I’m a model.. [podcast] Howto & Style. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KM4Xe6Dlp0Y [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Telegraph.co.uk, (2012). Children ‘should be given body image lessons’ – Telegraph. [online] Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/9299364/Children-should-be-given-body-image-lessons.html [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Wilkin, G. (2013). Former model: ‘What young girls can learn from my anorexia’ – Telegraph. [online] Telegraph.co.uk. Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-life/10323519/Former-model-What-young-girls-can-learn-from-my-anorexia.html [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Wischhover, C. (2011). Christy Turlington and Julia Roberts Loreal ads are banned in the UK because theyre airbrushed. [online] Fashionista.com. Available at: http://www.fashionista.com/2011/07/christy-turlington-and-julia-roberts-loreal-ads-are-banned-in-the-uk-because-theyre-airbrushed [Accessed 8 Jul. 2014].

Wiseman, E. (2012). Uncomfortable in our skin: the body-image report. [online] the Guardian. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2012/jun/10/body-image-anxiety-eva-wiseman [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

YouTube, (2014). Dove Real Beauty Sketches. [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XpaOjMXyJGk [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

Don’t use Photoshop to make models slimmer – but feel free to retouch my Facebook profile: Real women reveal double standard when it comes to the airbrush

Don’t use Photoshop to make models slimmer – but feel free to retouch my Facebook profile: Real women reveal double standard when it comes to the airbrush.

Written by Daisy Dumas on 9 February 2012 this article (published in the Daily Mail) reveals a double standard that seems to be applied by women on the issue of photo editing/enhancements.  In the article it discusses that:

  • 41 per cent of women aged 18 to 24 have retouched their photos and 20 per cent of women aged 30 to 34 have done so.
  • Facebook photos, yearbook photos, online dating photos – all are increasingly falling prey to the Adobe magic touch.
  • In fact, 60 per cent said they felt it is ok to tweak personal photos.

This is interesting to note with the current backlash against photo enhancing in magazines and advertisements where women felt that unrealistic expectations were placed on women by being encouraged that they must be ‘perfect’.  Is this trend towards secretly editing your own image for your social media profile part of the pressure placed on women to conform?
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2098861/Dont-use-Photoshop-make-models-slimmer–feel-free-retouch-Facebook-profile-Real-women-reveal-double-standard-comes-airbrush.html#ixzz3a6pd362C

Bibliography

References

Always.com, (2014). Always #LikeAGirl.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjJQBjWYDTs [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Always.com, (2014). Always #LikeAGirl – Meet the Director, Lauren Greenfield.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kCKPz3xn3sY [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Bates, L. (2014). Why is women’s body image anxiety at such devastating levels?. [online] the Guardian. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/oct/14/women-body-image-anxiety-improve-body-confidence [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

BEAUTY REDEFINED, (2014). Photoshopping: Altering Images and Our Minds. [online] Available at: http://www.beautyredefined.net/photoshopping-altering-images-and-our-minds/ [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

BuzzFeed, (2014). Photoshopping Real Women Into Cover Models.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zRlpIkH3b5I [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Clay, D., Vignoles, V. and Dittmar, H. (2005). Body Image and Self-Esteem Among Adolescent Girls: Testing the Influence of Sociocultural Factors. 1st ed. London: University of Sussex.

CNN, (2014). Piers Morgan Live interview with Paulina Porizkova.

Available at: http://www.piersmorgan.blogs.cnn.com/2014/02/18/model-paulina-porizkova-blames-photoshop-for-image-issues-my-grandmother-could-be-a-supermodel-now-even-though-shes-dead/ [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

diet.com, (2008). The Photoshop Effect.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YP31r70_QNM [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Dike, J. (2014). Aerie’s. [online] Uloop. Available at: http://www.umd.uloop.com/news/view/php/113970/aeries-no-photoshop-ads-still-dont-cut-it [Accessed 11 Sep. 2014].

Diller, Ph.D., V. (2011). Is Photoshop Destroying America’s Body Image?. [online] The Huffington Post. Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/vivian-diller-phd/photoshop-body-image_b_891095.html [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Diller, V. (2010). The Psychological Factors Surrounding Cosmetic Surgery. [online] The Huffington Post. Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/vivian-diller-phd/are-you-psychologically-p_b_683525.html [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Dosomething.org, (n.d.). 11 Facts About Teens and Self Esteem | DoSomething.org | America’s largest organization for youth volunteering opportunities, with 2,700,000 members and counting. [online] Available at: https://www.dosomething.org/facts/11-facts-about-teens-and-self-esteem [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Dumas, D. (2012). Don’t use Photoshop to make models slimmer – but feel free to retouch my Facebook profile: Real women reveal double standard when it comes to the airbrush. [online] Mail Online. Available at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2098861/Dont-use-Photoshop-make-models-slimmer–feel-free-retouch-Facebook-profile-Real-women-reveal-double-standard-comes-airbrush.html [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

Edwards, J. (2011). US Moves Toward Banning Photoshop In Cosmetics Ads. [online] Business Insider. Available at: http://www.businessinsider.com/us-moves-toward-banning-use-of-photoshop-in-cosmetics-ads-2011-12 [Accessed 8 Jul. 2014].

Edwards, J. (2009). French Pols Want “Fashion Police” to Ban Retouched Models in Ads. [online] Cbsnews.com. Available at: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/french-pols-want-fashion-police-to-ban-retouched-models-in-ads [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Ehlt.flinders.edu.au, (2006). Impact of Body Image. [online] Available at: http://ehlt.flinders.edu.au/education/DLiT/2006/bodyimage/Impact%20of%20Body%20Image.htm [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

GirlTalkHQ, (2014). New Proposed Law Would Regulate Excessive Photoshop In Advertising. [online] Available at: http://www.girltalkhq.com/new-proposed-law-would-regulate-excessive-photoshop-in-advertising [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

GirlTalkHQ, (2013). Student Project Shows How Photoshop Damages Beauty Perception. [online] Available at: http://www.girltalkhq.com/student-project-shows-how-photoshop-damages-beauty-perception/ [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

GirlTalkHQ, (2013). UK Retailer Debenhams Bans Photoshop From All Its Campaigns. [online] Available at: http://www.girltalkhq.com/uk-retailer-debenhams-bans-photoshop-from-all-its-campaigns/ [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Glamour, (2014). Zosia Mamet Opens Up About Her Personal Eating Disorder Struggles in Glamour’s September Issue. [online] Glamour. Available at: http://www.glamour.com/health-fitness/2014/08/zosia-mamet-opens-up-about-her-eating-disorder [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Globaldemocracy.com, (2011). Disclaimer for airbrushed models. [online] Available at: http://www.globaldemocracy.com/idea/show/9/disclaimer-for-airbrushed-models [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

GovTrack.us, (2014). Text of H.R. 4341: Truth in Advertising Act of 2014 (Introduced version) – GovTrack.us. [online] Available at: http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/113/hr4341/text [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Hicks, S. (2011). Photoshop in the Media. [online] sabrinahicks.wordpress.com. Available at: http://www.sabrinahicks.wordpress.com [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

Holland, P. (2004). Picturing childhood. London: I.B. Tauris.

Legleitner, E. (2014). The Michigan Times :: The No Photoshop Movement. [online] Themichigantimes.com. Available at: http://www.themichigantimes.com/article/2014/02/body-issues-problem-facing-young-adults [Accessed 8 Jul. 2014].

Leibovitz, A. and Sontag, S. (1999). Women. New York: Random House.

Ludwig, M. (2008). Photoshopped and Chopped Model Beast to Beauty.

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hlEM9LEZQ9Q [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Manasia, T. (n.d.). Psychology Department. [online] Healthpsych.psy.vanderbilt.edu. Available at: http://healthpsych.psy.vanderbilt.edu/media_and_body_image.htm [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Mashable, (2014). Aerie Lingerie Ads Ditch Photoshop for the ‘Real You’. [online] Available at: http://www.mashable.com/2014/01/21/aerie-lingerie-ads/ [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

Nedc.com.au, (2014). Eating Disorders Explained – Body Image. [online] Available at: http://www.nedc.com.au/body-image [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Ogilvy and Dove, (2006). dove evolution. [image] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iYhCn0jf46U [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Phelan, H. (2011). The US takes steps towards restricting the misleading use of photoshop in cosmetic ads. [online] Fashionista.com. Available at: http://www.fashionista.com/2011/12/the-u-s-takes-steps-towards-restricting-the-misleading-use-of-photoshop-in-cosmetic-ads [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].

Piper, T. (2013). A video by Tim Piper (pirovision.com) with Emma Hack and Mike Annese starring Sally Gifford for the purpose of public education and supporting the idea on globaldemocracy.com that images with distorted bodies should have disclaimers..

Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xKQdwjGiF-s [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

ScienceDaily, (2006). Negative Body Image Related To Depression, Anxiety And Suicidality. [online] Available at: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/06/060606224541.htm [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Ted Talks, (2013). Cameron Russell: Looks aren’t everything. Believe me, I’m a model.. [podcast] Howto & Style. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KM4Xe6Dlp0Y [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Telegraph.co.uk, (2012). Children ‘should be given body image lessons’ – Telegraph. [online] Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/9299364/Children-should-be-given-body-image-lessons.html [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Wilkin, G. (2013). Former model: ‘What young girls can learn from my anorexia’ – Telegraph. [online] Telegraph.co.uk. Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-life/10323519/Former-model-What-young-girls-can-learn-from-my-anorexia.html [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

Wischhover, C. (2011). Christy Turlington and Julia Roberts Loreal ads are banned in the UK because theyre airbrushed. [online] Fashionista.com. Available at: http://www.fashionista.com/2011/07/christy-turlington-and-julia-roberts-loreal-ads-are-banned-in-the-uk-because-theyre-airbrushed [Accessed 8 Jul. 2014].

Wiseman, E. (2012). Uncomfortable in our skin: the body-image report. [online] the Guardian. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2012/jun/10/body-image-anxiety-eva-wiseman [Accessed 3 Nov. 2014].

YouTube, (2014). Dove Real Beauty Sketches. [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XpaOjMXyJGk [Accessed 7 Jul. 2014].